Our Moth and Butterfly Course on Saturday identified 58 species of macro moths and 5 species of butterfly on North Meadow and the surrounding area. The course was sponsored by the Court’s Heritage Lottery Grant.
Our course tutor David Brown started with an explanation of the differences between moths and butterflies. Butterflies usually have ‘club-shaped’ antennae while most moths have feathery or tapering ones. Also butterflies normally hold their wings vertical at rest and moths hold them flat. It is largely an arbitrary distinction we use in the UK as they are all Lepidoptera, a family of insects with 2 pairs of wings covered in often very colourful scales.
On Friday night David put out 7 light traps to collect a sample of moths for us to inspect on Saturday morning. As we went through the light traps we were amazed at the huge variety of beautiful of moths which we don’t normally see. The majority of moths fly at night, unlike butterflies which we see during daylight hours. The gallery below shows a few of the moths we discovered, click on the pictures to see a larger image.
David has been studying moths for many years and has detailed knowledge of every species. This is quite a feat as there are about 900 macro moth species in the UK. Many more than the 60 UK species of butterflies with which we are much more familiar.
After lunch we walked around North Meadow looking for butterflies. Although 23 species have been recorded on North Meadow they do not all fly at the same time of year. We saw 2 newly emerged and very fresh Comma butterflies, and some rousting, very well camouflaged Specked Wood butterflies in the hedge. As we walked, several Green Veined White and Small White flew passed us and we were treated to a Small Tortoiseshell on the path.
We returned to the Thames Hall to review our day and release the moths unharmed. Wildlife records are very important for research and conservation, species records from the day will be submitted to the Wiltshire County Moth Recorder via iRecord.
We must thank our tutor David Brown for sharing his enthusiasm, knowledge and vast experience with us and for making our moth and butterfly course such an enjoyable day.
Next year we are running a 2 day Moths and Butterflies course on Sat 11th/Sun 12th June. We plan to visit Edge common NNR and Daneway BanksNRwithin the Cotswold Commons and Beechwoods AONB to see more butterflies including the recently introduced Large Blue Butterfly.
Scything returned to North Meadow on Saturday for probably the first time for 100 years or more. This was made possible by Cricklade Court Leet’s Heritage Lottery Fund Grant which enabled the Court to purchase part of the meadow.
Cricklade Court Leet has been involved in the management of North Meadow for at least 800 years and for most of that time the scythe would have been the main tool for haymaking. The agricultural revolution in the 19th century resulted in the introduction of first horse drawn mowers and later equipment powered by tractors.
On Saturday 10th July we held a practical scything and meadow management course on the land purchased with the help of the Heritage Lottery. Our course started with an introduction by the Court Town Crier Eric. Continue reading “Scything Returns to North Meadow”
The fritillaries have finished flowering for this year. The hay crop will soon grow and will be full of wild flowers. Conditions on the meadow are now quite wet and muddy after the recent rain. River levels have also risen in recent days.
We are running a Practical Scything and Meadow Management Course on Saturday 10th July 2021. The course will be on North Meadow and will be run by Richard Brown, Chairman of the Scything Association of Britain and Ireland.
This is a unique opportunity to learn to scythe on one of the UK’s best lowland hay meadows and is suitable for anyone wishing to keep their garden or wildflower area in check through to those managing a larger area of meadow for conservation.
Learn how to use, sharpen and maintain a scythe. Find out about timing the hay cut and making hay. There will be plenty of mowing practice to develop your technique under instruction.
The fritillaries are now just passing their peak, but there are still plenty to see on all marked routes – the further you walk up the meadow the more you will see without leaving the path.
Please continue to stick to paths marked with posts – whilst you may think you are being careful there are far more non-flowering individuals which look like grass that are easily trampled. Dogs also trample, and disturb ground nesting birds so please keep them on a short lead.
TOP TIP – bring binoculars, this will enable you to see the true extent of the flowers further out in the meadow.
We have placed a whiteboard at the entrance to the meadow giving up to date information on the best areas to see flowers.
Over the next 2 weeks you may see Natural England and the Floodplain Meadows Partnership carrying out research on North Meadow, recording the Snakes Head FritillaryFritillaria meleagris. North Meadow is home to 80% of the UK population of this nationally scarce plant.
This involves counting fritillary plants, both those in flower and vegetative plants which have between one and seven leaves. Although flowering fritillaries are easy to see, the vegetative plants can just look like blades of grass and greatly outnumber the flowering plants. Normally this work is carried out by around 40 volunteer recorders. Covid restrictions have reduced the number of recorders on site this year.
The fritillary plants are recorded in 320 1m by 1m quadrats which are positioned in the same location each year using a GPS accurate to 2cm. The position of the quadrats is shown on the map above.
This research is followed by a full botanical survey later in the year. The Floodplain Meadow Partnership have been carrying out research on North Meadow for over 20 years. You can find out more about their work from the latest Spring Newsletter .
On behalf of the Officers and Jurors of The Manorial Court of the Hundred and Borough of Cricklade, I would like to express our deep condolences and great sadness to H.M. The Queen and the rest of the Royal family over the passing of The Duke of Edinburgh.